Pengaruh Hubungan Politik dan Karakteristik Dewan Terhadap Kinerja Perusahaan dan Nilai Perusahaan di Indonesia

Lestiny, Wenny (2020) Pengaruh Hubungan Politik dan Karakteristik Dewan Terhadap Kinerja Perusahaan dan Nilai Perusahaan di Indonesia. Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Internasional Batam.

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh faktor anteseden koneksi politik dan karakteristik dewan berupa ukuran dewan, board gender dan tingkat independensi dewan terhadap kinerja perusahaan yang pengukurannya menggunakan nilai pasar dan nilai buku. Koneksi politik merupakan fenomena umum yang terjadi di Indonesia. Banyak ditemukan perusahaan-perusahaan Indonesia yang anggota komisarisnya diisi oleh individu-individu yang mempunyai hubungan politik yang kuat baik pada masa lalu maupun masa sekarang. Karakteristik dari dewan komisaris dan dewan direksi yang kental dengan unsur koneksi politik diprediksi mampu mempengaruhi keseluruhan kinerja perusahaan. Penelitian ini akan mengupas secara rinci berbagai macam bentuk koneksi politik beserta karakteristik dewan yang ada pada perusahaan publik di Indonesia. Penelitian ini menggunakan data panel dengan mengutip informasi dari laporan keuangan dan laporan tahunan perusahaan-perusahaan di Bursa Efek Indonesia. Penelitian ini diuji dengan menggunakan software Eviews dan SPSS. Hasil penelitian menyimpulkan bahwa dewan direksi dari segi jumlah anggota sangat mempengaruhi jalannya operasional dan proses pengambilan keputusan di perusahaan. Dari segi jenis kelamin maupun tingkat independensinya tidak berdampak terhadap kinerja maupun nilai perusahaan. Koneksi politik juga berpengaruh signifikan negatif terhadap kinerja dan nilai perusahaan. ********************************************************************** This study aimed to analyse the influence of antecedents of political connections and the characteristics of the board in the form of board size, board gender and the degree of independence of the board on the performance of companies whose measurements use market values and book values. The political connection is a common phenomenon that occurs in Indonesia. There are many Indonesian companies whose commissioners are filled by individuals who have strong political relations both past and present. The characteristics of the board of commissioners and board of directors that are attached with elements of political connections are predicted to be able to influence the overall performance of the company. This research explored in detail the various forms of political connections and the characteristics of the board that exist in public companies in Indonesia. This study used panel data by quoting information from financial statements and annual reports of companies on the Indonesia Stock Exchange. This research was tested using Eviews and SPSS software. The results of the study concluded that the board of directors in terms of the number of members greatly affect the operational and decision-making process in the company. In terms of gender and level of independence does not affect the performance or value of the company. Political connections also have significant negative effect on company performance and value.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: Similarity: 24
Uncontrolled Keywords: political relations, company performance, company value, board characteristics
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > HF5601 Accounting
H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Divisions: School of Economic and Business > Accounting
SWORD Depositor: Admin Repository Universitas Internasional Batam
Depositing User: Admin Repository Universitas Internasional Batam
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2020 07:37
Last Modified: 02 Oct 2020 02:49
URI: http://repository.uib.ac.id/id/eprint/2135

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