Comparison of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Child Rights Protection between Indonesia and Taiwan: A Legal Construction of Rights Protection for LGBT Child in Indonesia

Nofianto, Anto (2019) Comparison of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Child Rights Protection between Indonesia and Taiwan: A Legal Construction of Rights Protection for LGBT Child in Indonesia. Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Internasional Batam.

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Abstract

Perkembangan era globalisasi membuat masyarakat semakin menyadari dan memahami betapa pentingnya Hak Asasi Manusia, khususnya terhadap hak LGBT Anak. Data yang dikeluarkan oleh berbagai organisasi dan penelitian menunjukkan bahwa banyak siswa LGBT Indonesia yang melaporkan pernah mengalami diskriminasi berdasarkan SOGIE. Tidak seperti Indonesia, Taiwan menghormati hak-hak orang LGBT. Ini dapat diketahui dari pasal 7 Konstitusi Taiwan dan pasal ini diperkuat oleh Pasal 22 dalam Konstitusi tersebut. Menimbang dari konstitusi ini, Gender Equity Education Act telah disahkan oleh Legislatif Yuan dan disetujui oleh presiden. Berdasarkan hal ini, penulis tertarik untuk meneliti penegakan keadilan untuk hak-hak anak-anak LGBT yang didiskriminasi untuk mendapatkan pendidikan; penelitian ini menggunakan landasan konseptual, yuridis, teoretis. Metode Penelitian menggunakan penelitian hukum normatif, di mana teknik pengumpulan data dengan cara studi kepustakaan terkait dengan masalah yang diteliti dan peraturan terkait. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian penulis menunjukkan bahwa pelaku diskriminasi hak Anak LGBT cukup beragam, anak mendapat diskriminasi berdasarkan terutama akibat SOGIE. Sementara itu di Taiwan, Gender Equity Edyucation Act yang melindungi anak-anak dari diskriminasi di lingkungan pendidikan. Taiwan lebih terbuka terhadap perlindungan LGBT. Salah satu alasannya adalah imperatif geopolitik dalam menghadapi kebijakan “One China”, Taiwan berusaha keluar dari kebijakan itu. Konstruksi utama adalah untuk membuat semua anak LGBT harus merasa disambut dan aman di sekolah, sehingga mereka dapat mencapai potensi penuh mereka. Gender Equity Edyucation Act tidak memiliki tindakan yang bertentangan dengan Pancasila. Menurut teori hukum progresif, kasus tentang LGBT jarang terjadi di masa lalu dan mayotitas orang tidak peduli dengan keberadaan LGBT. Tetapi sekarang kasus diskriminasi yang banyak terjadi di lingkungan pendidikan membuat hak-hak anak LGBT diabaikan, bahkan beberapa dari mereka harus berhenti sekolah karena perlakuan yang tidak adil. Karena itu, hukum harus memiliki orientasi terhadap anak karena perkembangan hukum didasarkan pada kebutuhan masyarakat, bukan sebaliknya. ********************************************************************** The development of globalization era made the world community also increasingly recognize and understand how important Human Rights, especially toward LGBT Children right. Data released by various organizations and researches showed that there are a lot of LGBT Indonesian Students reporting ever experienced prejudice or discrimination based on SOGIE. Unlike Indonesia, Taiwan respects the rights of LGBT people. This can be known from article 7 of the Taiwan Constitution and this article is reinforced by Article 22 in the Constitution. Considering from the constitution, Taiwan Gender Equity Education Act has passed Legislative Yuan and promulgated by president. Based on this, the writer is interested in researching the enforcement of justice for the rights of LGBT children who are discriminated against to get education; this research uses a conceptual, juridical, theoretical framework. Research Method is normative legal research, where the technique of collecting data by means of library research is related to the issues under study and related regulations. Based on the results of the research the writer shows that the condition of LGBT Children rights appears that the actors of stigma and discrimination are quite diverse, children get discrimination based on SOGIE. Meanwhile in Taiwan, Children, there is Gender Equity Education Law which protects children from getting discrimination in education environment. Taiwan is more openly toward LGBT protection. One of the reasons is geopolitical imperatives in the face of “One China” policy, Taiwan tried to get out from that policy. The main construction is to make All LGBT children should feel welcomed and safe at school, so that they can reach their full potential. The Taiwan Gender Equity Education Act has no act that is contrary to the Pancasila. According to progressive law theory, the cases regarding LGBT were rare in the past and most people do not care about LGBT presence. But now the rampant cases of discrimination in the educational environment make the rights of LGBT children neglected, even some of them have to quit school due to unfair treatment. Therefore, the law must have an orientation towards the child because the development of the law is based on the needs of the community, not the contrary.

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Additional Information: Similarity: 24
Uncontrolled Keywords: Children Right, LGBT, Legal Protection, Discrimination
Subjects: K Law
Divisions: School of Law > Law Science
SWORD Depositor: Admin Repository Universitas Internasional Batam
Depositing User: Admin Repository Universitas Internasional Batam
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2019 10:28
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2019 10:28
URI: http://repository.uib.ac.id/id/eprint/1397

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